CBEB Species Statements

Species statements for selected key species that occur in Cumbria. The below PDFs provide information on:

  • Legal and Conservation Status
  • Habitat
  • Ecology
  • Distribution
  • Conservation Issues
  • Planning Considerations
  • Enhancement Opportunities
  • Further information and Contacts
  • Current Action in Cumbria

  • BARN OWL Tyto alba
    Barn Owls, their nests and eggs are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to Barn Owl populations in Cumbria are loss of suitable nests sites through barn conversions etc., and lack or loss of feeding habitat through agricultural intensification.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • BATS (ALL SPECIES) Chiroptera
    Bats and their roosting sites are protected by European and UK legislation. The greatest threat to bats comes from loss of roosts due to demolition, alteration and repair of buildings or structures, felling of trees, and through direct disturbance of breeding and hibernation roosts.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

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  • GREAT CRESTED NEWT Triturus cristatus
    Great Crested Newts and their breeding and foraging habitats are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to Great Crested Newt in Cumbria is destruction of their ponds and surrounding terrestrial habitat.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • hen-harrier
  • HEN HARRIER Circus cynaeus
    Hen Harriers, their nests and eggs are protected by UK and European legislation. In Cumbria the greatest planning-related threat to Hen Harriers arises from developments which threaten specific breeding and winter roost locations.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

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  • NATTERJACK TOAD Epidalea calamita
    Natterjack Toads and their breeding sites are protected by UK and European legislation. Inappropriate or lack of management is currently the greatest threat to the Natterjack Toad at its existing sites in Cumbria

    Download Statement v3.0 Sept 2016

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  • OTTER Lutra lutra
    The Otter, its holts and resting places are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threats to Otters come from habitat loss, often associated with watercourse development, road mortality and water pollution, and disturbance.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • RED SQUIRREL  Sciurus vulgaris
    Red Squirrels and their dreys are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Red Squirrels is the spread of the non-native Grey Squirrel which competes for food and carries disease.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • REPTILES (ALL NATIVE SPECIES) Reptilia
    Four reptile species are found in Cumbria: Common Lizard Lacerta vivipara, Slow-worm Anguis fragilis (a legless lizard), Grass Snake Natrix natrix and Adder Vipera berus. All are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to reptiles in Cumbria are from habitat loss and fragmentation due to unsympathetic management and development.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • SMALL BLUE BUTTERFLY Cupido minimus
    The Small Blue butterfly is particularly vulnerable to the loss of habitat through development of brownfield sites or through scrub encroachment leading to the loss of kidney vetch, its food plant.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • WATER VOLE Arvicola terrestris
    Water Voles and anywhere they use for shelter or resting are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Water Vole populations is through loss of suitable habitat through agricultural intensification and predation by the non-native mink.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • WINTERING GEESES & SWANS
    Pink-footed Geese, Barnacle Geese and Whooper Swans winter or pass through Cumbria mainly between September and early May. They are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to these species comes from development that affects their feeding grounds, especially wind farms.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

Monday, March 1st, 2021 at 8:36am
Here is a flavour of what the Nature Recovery Network is all about. During the years ahead, a lot more of this kind of initiative will be possible as new laws and policies lead to changes on the ground. https://t.co/OXF1CNBdnT
Friday, February 5th, 2021 at 11:37am
We think John Martin's picture of mating Australian flatworms (as shown below) in the UK is unique. Share this post to anyone you think might be able to tell us differently. https://t.co/w8YxEl3eWP CumbriaBDC photo
Thursday, January 28th, 2021 at 2:50pm
We got sent some interesting photos from John Martin this week!

Do you know what this species is and why it’s important we know its distribution?

Comment below what you think, and we’ll release a species of the week next week with the answers. https://t.co/I6rVprmjOI
CumbriaBDC photo
Wednesday, January 27th, 2021 at 5:28am
Hot on the heels of awards success at @CIEEMnet #CieemAwards Plantlife's @katefpetty is delivering a free online talk celebrating the accelerating #RoadVerges campaign as part of #SpringIntoAction. Book in now to avoid missing out! https://t.co/9i66IGbwwR https://t.co/wisYgEvjJ2 CumbriaBDC photo