CBEB Species Statements

Species statements for selected key species that occur in Cumbria. The below PDFs provide information on:

  • Legal and Conservation Status
  • Habitat
  • Ecology
  • Distribution
  • Conservation Issues
  • Planning Considerations
  • Enhancement Opportunities
  • Further information and Contacts
  • Current Action in Cumbria

  • BARN OWL
    Tyto alba

    Barn Owls, their nests and eggs are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to Barn Owl populations in Cumbria are loss of suitable nests sites through barn conversions etc., and lack or loss of feeding habitat through agricultural intensification.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • BATS (ALL SPECIES)
    Chiroptera

    Bats and their roosting sites are protected by European and UK legislation. The greatest threat to bats comes from loss of roosts due to demolition, alteration and repair of buildings or structures, felling of trees, and through direct disturbance of breeding and hibernation roosts.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

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  • GREAT CRESTED NEWT
    Triturus cristatus

    Great Crested Newts and their breeding and foraging habitats are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to Great Crested Newt in Cumbria is destruction of their ponds and surrounding terrestrial habitat.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • hen-harrier
  • HEN HARRIER
    Circus cynaeus

    Hen Harriers, their nests and eggs are protected by UK and European legislation. In Cumbria the greatest planning-related threat to Hen Harriers arises from developments which threaten specific breeding and winter roost locations.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

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  • NATTERJACK TOAD
    Epidalea calamita

    Natterjack Toads and their breeding sites are protected by UK and European legislation. Inappropriate or lack of management is currently the greatest threat to the Natterjack Toad at its existing sites in Cumbria

    Download Statement v3.0 Sept 2016

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  • OTTER
    Lutra lutra

    The Otter, its holts and resting places are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threats to Otters come from habitat loss, often associated with watercourse development, road mortality and water pollution, and disturbance.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • RED SQUIRREL 
    Sciurus vulgaris

    Red Squirrels and their dreys are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Red Squirrels is the spread of the non-native Grey Squirrel which competes for food and carries disease.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • REPTILES (ALL NATIVE SPECIES)
    Reptilia

    Four reptile species are found in Cumbria: Common Lizard Lacerta vivipara, Slow-worm Anguis fragilis (a legless lizard), Grass Snake Natrix natrix and Adder Vipera berus. All are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to reptiles in Cumbria are from habitat loss and fragmentation due to unsympathetic management and development.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • SMALL BLUE BUTTERFLY
    Cupido minimus

    The Small Blue butterfly is particularly vulnerable to the loss of habitat through development of brownfield sites or through scrub encroachment leading to the loss of kidney vetch, its food plant.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • WATER VOLE
    Arvicola terrestris

    Water Voles and anywhere they use for shelter or resting are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Water Vole populations is through loss of suitable habitat through agricultural intensification and predation by the non-native mink.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

  • WINTERING GEESES & SWANS

    Pink-footed Geese, Barnacle Geese and Whooper Swans winter or pass through Cumbria mainly between September and early May. They are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to these species comes from development that affects their feeding grounds, especially wind farms.

    Download Statement v3.0 Oct 2016

Friday, July 23rd, 2021 at 6:04am
@SocketedAxes @TullieHouse The Tullie Secret Garden has a juvenile or two "stranded" every year. It's parent will visit it and it will be OK. They are very noisy and the call is very poignant so it will tug at your heart strings!
Thursday, May 20th, 2021 at 5:33am
Finally! While the rest of the UK flowering season is well under way, it's taken until yesterday to see my first Early Purple Orchid of 2021 in #Shetland. Growing in a serpentine fell field, they're always tiny, but share their home with other special plants, like Moss Campion. https://t.co/GYBQp2nHwZ CumbriaBDC photo
Tuesday, March 23rd, 2021 at 8:18am
Buglife Webinar Happening Now. Showcased Get Cumbria Buzzing's successful biodiversity improvements of our Highways' verges. They can prove Better Management = more pollinators + lower maintenance costs. @cumbriawildlife, @Buzz_dont_tweet @TullieHouse