Welcome to the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre

SPECIES STATEMENTS

Cumbria specific information on a selection of key species. Download all statements or individually :

BARN OWL Tyto alba

Barn Owls, their nests and eggs are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to Barn Owl populations in Cumbria are loss of suitable nest sites through barn conversions etc, and lack or loss of feeding habitat through agricultural intensification.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
BATS Chiroptera All Species

Bats and their roosting sites are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to bats comes from loss of roosts due to demolition, alteration and repair of buildings or structures, felling of trees, and through direct disturbance of breeding and hibernation roosts.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
GREAT CRESTED NEWT Triturus cristatus

Great Crested Newts and their breeding and foraging habitats are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to Great Crested Newts in Cumbria is destruction of their ponds and surrounding terrestrial habitat.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
HEN HARRIER Circus cyaneus

Hen Harriers, their nests and eggs are protected by UK and European legislation. In Cumbria the greatest planning-related threat to Hen Harriers arises from developments which threaten specific breeding and winter roost locations.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
NATTERJACK TOAD Epidalea calamita

Natterjack Toads and their breeding sites are protected by UK and European legislation. Inappropriate or lack of management is currently the greatest threat to the Natterjack Toad at its existing sites in Cumbria.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
OTTER Lutra lutra

The Otter, its holts and resting places are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threats to Otters come from habitat loss, often associated with watercourse development, road mortality and water pollution, and disturbance.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
RED SQUIRREL Sciurus vulgaris

Red Squirrels and their dreys are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Red Squirrels is the spread of the non-native Grey Squirrel which competes for food and carries disease.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
REPTILES Reptilia All native species

Four reptile species are found in Cumbria: Common Lizard Lacerta vivipara, Slow-worm Anguis fragilis (a legless lizard), Grass Snake Natrix natrix and Adder Vipera berus. All are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threats to reptiles in Cumbria are from habitat loss and fragmentation due to unsympathetic management and development.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
SMALL BLUE BUTTERFLY Cupido minimus

The Small Blue butterfly is particularly vulnerable to the loss of habitat through development of brownfield sites or through scrub encroachment leading to the loss of kidney vetch, its food plant.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
WATER VOLE Arvicola terrestris

Water Voles and anywhere they use for shelter or resting are protected by UK legislation. The greatest threat to Water Vole populations is through loss of suitable habitat through agricultural intensification and predation by the non-native mink.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]

 
WINTERING GEESE AND SWANS

Pink-footed Geese, Barnacle Geese and Whooper Swans winter or pass through Cumbria mainly between September and early May. They are protected by UK and European legislation. The greatest threat to these species comes from development that affects their feeding grounds, especially wind farms.

Current Version 2.1 - April 2010   Download statement [PDF]